In the United States, the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) are enforced by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). RPAS regulations in the USA and Canada were developed jointly along with other nations. Transport Canada (TC) and the FAA have agreed to collaborate for the foreseeable future in the area of aviation safety, with a specific focus on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in the United States and Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) in Canada.
Regulatory oversight for remote piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) is rapidly evolving to meet today’s demands for the use of unmanned aircraft systems in every sector. FulcrumAir’s team is extremely committed to safety and regulatory compliances. Staying on top of all the latest regulatory developments and being well-positioned with regulators allows us to contribute to ever-evolving regulatory changes with real-time experience and obtain flight approvals due to our proven abilities.
Currently, FulcrumAir has regulatory approval to fly our E2500 and E7500 systems Canada-wide within Visual Line of Sight (VLOS). Approval for Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) applications is presently under review with Transport Canada; FulcrumAir expects to successfully receive this exceptional qualification in 2021, which will expand our capabilities to meet our customers’ needs further.
Canadian RPAS regulations are governed by Transport Canada under two categories:
- Canadian Aviation Regulations (Part IX)
- Applies to VLOS machines under 25kgs.
- To fly an RPAS under Part 9 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations, a pilot’s certificate is required, the machine must be registered, and the machine must comply with applicable regulations.
- Special Flight Operation Certificates (SFOC)
- Applies to all operations not covered by Part IX of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.
Common Terms Used in the Industry
BVLOS – Beyond Visual Line of Sight, meaning the aircraft can not be seen with the human eye, for example behind a building or over a hill.
VLOS – Visual Line of Sight, meaning the aircraft is within sight of the pilot.
EVLOS – Extended Visual Line of Sight, meaning once the aircraft is out of sight of the pilot, it is being observed by a Visual Observer who is in constant radio contact with the pilot.